There are various treatments available:

  • Radiation : This gives by far the best results but is very expensive and restricted – there are only two or three centres worldwide where this treatment can be done. It is reserved for difficult lesions such as around the eye or over joints, and where owners can afford to invest the considerable sums involved.
    • In the UK the only centre doing this is the Animal Health Trust in Newmarket
  • Topical therapy: AW5, Bleomycin, Efudix (5-Fluoro-uracil cream), Aldara (Imiquimod), Exterra/Blood Root Ointment, Retinoid drugs (Zorac), Aciclovir.
  • Surgical removal
  • Intralesional chemotherapy
  • Ligation
  • Cryosurgery (freezing)
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Immune methods: BCG injection
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